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Gold is a precious metal with a rich history and timeless allure. When shopping for gold jewellery, it’s important to understand the different types of gold and their purity levels. Gold purity is measured in karats (often denoted as “kt” or “ct”), which determine the percentage of pure gold in the alloy. In this guide, we’ll explore the various types of gold, from 9ct to 24ct, and help you make an informed decision when selecting the perfect piece of gold jewellery.

24ct Gold (24 Karat)

24ct gold is pure gold in its natural form, consisting of 99.9% gold content.

It is the softest and most malleable of all gold types, making it unsuitable for jewelry that requires durability. Jewellery made from 24ct gold is rare due to its softness but is highly valued for its purity and rich, deep yellow color. Often used for coins and bars.

22ct Gold (22 Karat)

22ct gold contains 91.7% pure gold and is known for its vibrant yellow color.

While slightly more durable than 24ct gold, it is still relatively soft and may not be suitable for everyday wear. Commonly used in traditional and cultural jewellery.

18ct Gold (18 Karat)

18ct gold consists of 75% pure gold, making it a popular choice for high-quality jewellery.

It strikes a balance between purity and durability, making it suitable for engagement rings, wedding bands, and other fine jewellery. Often alloyed with other metals like copper, silver, or palladium to enhance its strength and durability.

Hallmarked with “750” to indicate its purity.

14ct Gold (14 Karat)

14ct gold contains 58.3% pure gold, making it a durable and affordable option for jewellery.

It is commonly used for a wide range of jewelry pieces, including necklaces, earrings, and bracelets. Alloys in 14ct gold may include copper, silver, or other metals to achieve the desired color and durability.

Hallmarked with “585.”

10ct Gold (10 Karat)

10ct gold contains 41.7% pure gold and is the most durable of the common gold types. It is often used in more affordable jewelry pieces, including fashion jewellery and everyday accessories. The alloy may contain a higher percentage of other metals, which can affect the color.

Hallmarked with “417.”

9ct Gold (9 Karat)

9ct gold is the lowest karat gold available for jewelry, with only 37.5% pure gold content. It is highly durable and budget-friendly, making it a popular choice for everyday jewellery. It is most common in the UK.

Common alloy metals include copper, silver, and zinc, which can result in a lighter color.

Hallmarked with “375.”

Understanding the different types of gold and their purity levels is crucial when purchasing gold jewellery. Your choice should align with your style preferences, budget, and the intended use of the jewelry. While higher karat golds are prized for their purity, they may be less durable, making them more suitable for special occasions. Lower karat golds, on the other hand, offer increased durability and affordability, making them ideal for everyday wear. Whether you opt for the richness of 24ct gold or the durability of 10ct gold, each type has its unique charm and appeal, ensuring that there’s a perfect gold option for every jewellery lover.



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